The Horsehead Nebula
IC 434
The Horsehead Nebula (also known as Barnard 33) is a small dark nebula in the constellation Orion. The nebula is located just to the south of Alnitak, the easternmost star of Orion's Belt, and is part of the much larger Orion Molecular Cloud Complex. It appears within the southern region of the dense dust cloud known as Lynds 1630, along the edge of the much larger, active star-forming H II region called IC 434.

The Horsehead Nebula is approximately 422 parsecs or 1,375 light-years from Earth. It is one of the most identifiable nebulae because of its resemblance to a horse's head. To the left, the Flaming Star Nebula is located.

The Horsehead Nebula gets its name from its distinctive shape, which resembles the head of a horse or a seahorse when viewed from certain angles. The dark shape is caused by a dense cloud of molecular hydrogen gas and dust that obscures the light emitted by the glowing background of ionized hydrogen gas.

The nebula is primarily composed of molecular hydrogen, along with other elements and dust particles. The dust grains within the nebula scatter and absorb visible light, making it appear dark. However, the dust also emits infrared radiation, which can be detected by specialized telescopes and instruments.

The Horsehead Nebula is part of a larger star-forming region known as the Orion Nebula Complex. It is located on the edge of a molecular cloud where active star formation is taking place. The intense ultraviolet radiation emitted by nearby bright stars causes the surrounding gas to ionize and emit visible light, creating a beautiful emission nebula known as IC 434, which serves as the backdrop against which the Horsehead Nebula is silhouetted.


Image Details
Date
October 29, 2021
LOCATion
Hannover (Germany)
Sky Quality
Bortle 5
Telescope
Celestron RASA 8 (203/400 f/2)
Mount
Skywatcher EQ6-R Pro
Main Camera
ZWO ASI 2600 MC Pro
Gain 100, Offset 18, -10°
Focuser
Celestron Motorfocus
Filter
IDAS NBZ
Exposure
Ha & OIII: 35 × 240″ (2h 20′)
Total: 2h 20′
Guiding
ZWO ASI 120MM, PHD2
Calibration
Flats, Darks, Darkflats
Software
N.I.N.A., EQMod
Other
Artesky Filter Holder
Processing
Astropixelprocessor, Photoshop, Pixinsight
  
  
Gallery
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Comet
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Galaxy
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Galaxy
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Cluster
view image
Cluster
view image
Galaxy
view image
Galaxy
view image
Nebula
view image
Galaxy
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Galaxy
view image
Nebula
view image
Cluster
view image
Cluster
view image
Cluster
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Galaxy
view image
Cluster
view image
Nebula
view image
Galaxy
view image
Nebula
view image
Nebula
view image
Moon
view image
Cluster
view image
Moon
view image
Cluster
view image
Cluster
view image
Nebula